How to migrate from Android to iPhone

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Though Android’s global market share is intimidating, two other numbers are enlightening: 22 percent of Android users eventually switch to an iPhone, while only 9 percent of iPhone users go the other way. As those numbers suggest, switching from Android to iPhone isn't that difficult. Here’s how to make that transition as painlessly as possible.

Keeping contacts

Users switching phones often worry first about retaining their contacts. But help is available: Most carriers are happy to assist you in moving contacts from one device to another. They usually handle this task in-store when you activate your new iPhone. If you’re activating at home, check your carrier’s support page for its contact transfer service.

Even if you've already bought and activated your iPhone, your carrier should be able to transfer your contacts, as long as you still have your old phone or you’ve backed up your contacts.

If for some reason you can’t get your carrier to help, you can move your contacts yourself. Assuming that you synced your contacts with Google or a Microsoft Exchange server, you can retrieve your information from there.

One way to add contacts to your new iPhone is to sync with your Exchange or Gmail account.

On your iPhone, open Settings > Mail, Contacts, Calendars. Tap Add Account and then select Microsoft Exchange. Enter your email address and login information. (If an Exchange server hosts your email, you'll also need to enter its domain; if you use Gmail, leave that field blank.) Enter a username—a valid name if you’re syncing with a real Exchange server, or your email address (if you like) if you use Gmail. In the Server field, enter the Exchange server’s address or for Gmail. On the last screen choose what you want to import, and then tap Accept.

Syncing may take a few moments, so give the iPhone time to update. If your contacts fail to appear, it may be a sign that your contacts were never properly synced with your Exchange server or with Gmail.

Another method will work on Android devices that have a removable SD Card: Open the People app on your Android phone and tap the menu. Select Import/Export, and then Export to SD Card. By default, this will create a .vcf file. (Note: You can’t export to the SD Card if your device is already connected to your PC as a USB drive). Remove the SD Card and connect it to your PC. Most devices will allow you to do this via the phone, if you connect it as a USB flash drive; a card reader works, too. Copy the .vcf file to your computer’s desktop.

Next, open Gmail and click the drop-down menu in the upper-left corner, below the Google logo. Select Contacts. In the menu below click Import Contacts. A pop-up will appear. Use this to find and open the .vcf file. Once you've successfully imported your contacts into Gmail, you’ll be able to sync them to your iPhone using the preceding steps.

Some apps can help make the process less complicated, too. Examples include Migration+ (free) and Rainbow Contacts ($2). These are good fall-back options if the methods outlined above don’t work or seem too complex.

Moving media

You may have a ton of digital media to move from your old Android device. The process is simple, but it may take a few minutes.

In Windows and OS X, connect your old Android device to your PC or Mac, and mount it as a disk drive. Open it in Windows Explorer or in the Finder, and locate the files that you want to import. Photos and recorded video accumulate in the DCIM folder, as they do on a digital camera. Music and movies usually appear in suitably labeled folders, though they may be listed in an app’s data folder if you used third-party apps to manage your media.

You can find photos and recorded videos in the DCIM folder on your old Android device.

The search functions provided by Windows and OS X can help you find media files, too. In Windows, open Windows Explorer, navigate to your phone’s storage, and open it. In the search field in the upper-right corner, enter the extension for the files you’re looking for (such as .jpg or .mp3). In OS X, open the USB drive in Finder, select your phone’s storage, and then press Command-F to summon the search function. In the search field, type the file extension that you’re looking for.

Once you've moved the media to your computer, you're ready to to import the music into iTunes (or into the music manager of your choice). You can do this by opening iTunes and then dragging and dropping music and video into the appropriate libraries.

For photos, Mac users can use iPhoto. If your a Windows owner, you don’t have that option, and you can’t add the images to iTunes, because it doesn’t manage photos. You can, however, use iTunes to sync them: Open your iPhone’s sync options in iTunes, and then open the Photos tab and check the Sync Photos From checkbox. In the drop-down menu to the right, select Choose Folder and then add the folder containing photos that were on your old device. They’ll migrate to your iPhone during the next sync.

Syncing made simple

When you first connect your iPhone to your computer with iTunes, you’ll have to perform a first-time setup routine. After that, you can manage the iPhone’s data through iTunes by clicking the iPhone button.

You'll manage all locally hosted contacts and calendars, apps, ringtones, music, movies, shows, and podcasts through this one interface. In fact it's the only way to manage most media because the iPhone lacks an accessible file system.

Opting to sync only checked items makes fitting media on your phone a lot easier.

We recommend that you turn a few options on. First, in the Summary page, check Sync With This iPhone Over Wi-Fi. Doing so will keep your media up-to-date even when your phone isn’t physically connected to your PC.

If you've purchased an iPhone that doesn't have enough memory to contain your entire media collection, you should also choose Sync Only Checked Songs and Videos. Then visit the Music, Movies, TV Shows, and Podcasts tabs in iTunes to select the specific media you want to sync.

(Re)making custom ringtones

Custom ringtones for Android devices generally reside in apps that you can download from the Google Play store. The App Store has ringtone apps, too, but the easiest way to make custom ringtones is directly through iTunes.

To create custom ringtones from iTunes songs, first specify which section of the track you want to use.

To do this, start by adding the audio file you want to use to iTunes. (Alternatively, of course, you can use a song that you already have.) Find the file in iTunes and right-click it to open its context menu. Click Get Info, and then select the Options tab in the Properties window that opens. You’ll see 'Start Time' and 'Stop Time' fields. Adjust the numbers in these fields so that the audio file starts where you’d like the ringtone to begin and ends no more than 30 seconds later. Close the Properties window and again right-click on the audio file. This time select Create AAC Version. Now drag the file out of iTunes, and rename it with the file extension .m4r. Delete the duplicate that you created in iTunes.

Next, double-click the new .m4r version to upload it into the Tones library. The first time you try this on a Windows machine it may ask what program the system should use to open .m4r files; select iTunes. iTunes will then automatically sync your new ringtone with your iPhone, and the listing for that ringtone will appear above the default ringtones in the Settings app on your iPhone.

Friends with Google

Android is built with Google’s ecosystem in mind, which isn’t a bad thing when you consider that Gmail remains a great webmail program, Google Drive is the go-to option for online document editing, and Google Music is a legitimate competitor to the alternatives available from Amazon and Apple. Anyone who has been using Android for a long time may be worried about having to abandon those Google apps as a result of switching to iOS. But Google offers iPhone users full-featured covered. In fact, some Google apps available on the iPhone are better than their counterparts on Android.

For example, Gmail for iOS doesn’t have the luxury of assigning functions to hardware buttons, so it compensates with a brilliant slide-in menu that’s arguably more intuitive than the same interface on Android. The Maps app from Google for iOS is nearly as good as the Android alternative, and the Google Drive app for iOS is excellent.

In short, Google fans don’t have to sever their ties. Almost everything that works on Android works on the iPhone, too.

Compatible apps and accounts

As you probably know, apps can’t make the leap from one platform to another. A few companies offer users who purchase an Android app access to the iOS version, but the vast majority do not. Consequently, you’ll have to purchase most of your paid apps a second time.

Find out which iOS apps you should download by looking at the Android apps you installed in the past.

The only way to find iOS versions of your Android apps is to search for them in the App Store, but you don’t have to rely on memory. Visit the Google Play webpage, log in with your Google account, and click My Android Apps at the top of the page. This option shows you all of the apps you’ve ever downloaded, as well as the apps now installed on each Android device currently linked to your account. These apps will remain visible even after you’ve wiped the data off your previous phone.

Though apps themselves aren’t cross-platform, the data in an Android app may be accessible on your iPhone. Services that store information online (such as fitness apps, social networks, and to-do lists) can share data between apps on different devices. This is usually true even if you have another Android device, such as a tablet, that you want to use alongside your iPhone. The service will sync data automatically between apps that it has created for multiple platforms.

The bottom line is that making the leap from Android to iPhone doesn’t need to be scary. It can, in fact, be enjoyable. After you’re finished moving your media and making your new ringtones, take a moment to browse the App Store for apps that Android doesn’t offer, or search the Web for accessories that Android users will never enjoy. Some people may view moving to iOS as going to the dark side, but that's a shame—it’s actually a bright idea.

This story, "How to migrate from Android to iPhone" was originally published by TechHive.

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